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        首页 中西方饮食文化差异

        中西方饮食文化差异.doc

        中西方饮食文化差异

        Ingrid美琴
        2019-05-01 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

        简介:本文档为《中西方饮食文化差异doc》,可适用于人文社科领域

        学士学位论文中西方饮食文化差异姓名:?学号:?指导教师:?学院:?专业:?完成日期:???学士学位论文姓名:?学号:?指导教师:?学院:?专业:?完成日期:???中西方饮食文化差异枣庄学院学士学位论文作者声明本人声明:本人呈交的学位论文是本人在导师指导下取得的研究成果。对前人及其他人员对本文的启发和贡献已在论文中做出了明确的声明并表示了谢意。论文中除了特别加以标注和致谢的地方外不包含其他人和其他机构已经发表或者撰写过的研究成果。本人同意学校根据《中华人民共和国学位条例暂行实施办法》等有关规定保留本人学位论文并向国家有关部门或资料库送交论文或者电子版允许论文被查阅和借阅本人授权枣庄学院可以将本人学位论文的全部或者部分内容编入有关数据库惊进行检索可以采用影印缩印或者其他复制手段和汇编学位论文(保密论文在解密后应遵守此规定)。摘 要饮食是人类生活、生存与发展的必需可是由于中西方文化传统的差异导致了中西方饮食文化在观念、对象、方式、归属与性质方面产生了差异研究这些差异找出可以融会贯通的地方促进中西文化交流。台湾张起钧教授说过“古语说‘饮食男女人之大欲存焉’。就这样的标准而论西方文化(特别是近代美国式的文化)可说是男女文化而中国可说是一种饮食文化?!庇捎谖幕车脑倒饰鞣饺说娜松阆蚰信叵刀泄擞捎诙阅信叵档鸟巯涟讶松η阈沟枷蛴谝?。由此赋予饮食以丰富的文化内涵虽然饮食文化在西方不够发达但这种不发达本身也是一种文化发展的结果所以对中西饮食文化的比较仍有意义。通过对中西饮食文化差异的分析我们可以了解中西方各自的文化传统同时能对中国文化进行改善与创新。关键词:饮食文化文化传统差异??AbstractDietisabsolutelynecessaryinthelifeofmankind,andevenintheexistenceordevelopmentBecauseofthedifferencesbetweenChineseandwesternculturaltraditions,theChineseandwesterndietaryculturesaredifferentinconcept,target,pattern,attributionandnatureWestudythesedifferencesandthenfindoutthepointsthatcanbedigested,inordertofacilitatethecommunicationaboutculturesbetweenChinaandthewestTaiwanProfessorZhangQijunsaid,“Theoldsaying,'Eat,drink,man,womanwhowishesgreatly'Forsuchastandardfair,westernculture(inparticular,modernAmericanculture)canbesaidtobemaleandfemalecultureButtheChineseculturecanbesaidtobeadietaryculture"Asthereasonoftheculturaltraditions,thewesternlivestendtomenandwomen,butbecauseofthenarrowgenderrelations,ChinesepeoplearedumpingguidanceonlifeintherestaurantsThusthedietisrichincultureFoodcultureinthewestisnotdevelopedenough,butthisunderdevelopmentitselfistheresultofthedevelopmentofaculture,soitisstillsignificanttostudythedietaryculturesofChineseandWesterndietBytheanalysisofthedifferencesbetweenChineseandwesterndietarycultures,wecancomprehendtherespectiveculturaltraditionsofChinaandthewestAndwecanalsoimproveandcreatethecultureofChina??KeyWords:dietarycultureculturaltraditiondifferencescontents摘 要??IAbstract??IIChapterOne?Introduction??Introductiontodifferencesofpointsaboutfood??Introductiontodifferencesofancientfood??ChapterTwo?DifferencesinConcepts??Concepts??Theadvantagesofwesternfoodconcepts??ChapterThreeDifferencesinDietaryPatterns??Differentdietarypatterns??BuffetdinnerinAmerica??ChapterFour?DifferencesinDietAttribution??ChineseandAmericandietattribution??Cookingstyle??Chapterfive?DifferencesintheNature??Conclusion??Bibliography??Acknowledgements??ChapterOne?IntroductionIntroductiontodifferencesofpointsaboutfoodOncethereisasayingthat"Foodiseatingwelldeservedforhumanlife”,sofoodisanindispensableconditionforthesurvivalanddevelopmentofhumanbeingsTherearetwodesiresinlife:oneisfeastingthemtosurviveandanotheristhelustofmenandwomen,whichcanhelpthemankindtocarryonthefamilylineFacingthetwodesires,Chinapaysmoreattentiontotheformer,whilethewesttendstothelatterSuchphenomenonaffectstheculturaltrendDietisactuallythecontentsofourdailylives,butwhywecallitcultureThatisbecausethediethasspecialstatusintheChineseculture,anditalsohasagreatdistinctionbetweenChinaandthewestIntroductiontodifferencesofancientfoodAsoneoftheworldancientnations,China’sdiethasahistoryalmostaslongasthatofChinesecivilizationButinwesterncountries,ancientthinkersdevotedlessattentiontothefoodproblemthantheChinesephilosophersdid,andthereisevennotawareofittothe"heaven"degreeWiththeopposite,theyrecognizedandinterpretedtheworldintheperspectiveofthelustorloveofmenandwomenmoreWhethertheawarenessoforiginalsinofChristianity,AdamandEvelegend,orancientGreekphilosophywhoconsideredthepersonalrelationships“love”astheloveofontologyofbeauty,andregardeditasarealitythinkingofphilosophy,alltheseideasbecomethebasisofwesternphilosophers’culturalthoughtsAllthesehadpotentialeffectsonthedevelopmentofwesterncultureandwesterners’charactersReceivingtheinfluenceofrespectiveculturaltradition,theChineseandwesterndietaryculturehashaddifferentcharacteristicThedifferencesinconcepts,targets,patterns,attributionandnaturehadreflectedthedifferentdietarycultureinthedifferentstatecharacteristicsuchcharacteristichasenrichedtheresearchvalueofdietarycultureStudyingtheseculturaldifferences,wecanfindoutajointenhancingthecommunicationbetweenChinaandthewestthroughacomprehensivestudyofthesubjectItmaybeagreathelptothecommunicationoftheChineseandwesternculturesChapterTwo?DifferencesinConceptsConceptsFirst,theChineseandwesterndiethavethedifferencesthatcannotbeignoredinconceptsNobodywilldenythattheWesterndietisarationalconcept,regardlessofthecoloroffood,incense,flavorandshape,butnutritionmustbeassuredItcaresabouttheintakeofcalories,vitamins,proteinandsoonduringadayComparingwiththeChinesediet,westerndiettastesstereotyped,assimpleaschewingthecandle,butthesensetellsthem:WemusteatthemallbecauseofthenutritionAndthentheyputitbluntly,justlikerefuelingmachine

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